International Organisations

UNDCP, United Nations International Drug Control Programme

The United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (ODCCP) is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997, ODCCP consists of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP). Its headquarters are in Vienna and it has 22 Field Offices as well as Liaison Offices in New York and Brussels. ODCCP relies on voluntary contributions, mainly from governments, for 90 per cent of its budget.
Founded in 1991, UNDCP works to educate the world about the dangers of drug abuse. The Programme aims to strengthen international action against drug production, trafficking and drug-related crime through alternative development projects, crop monitoring and anti-money laundering programmes. UNDCP also provides statistics through the Global Assessment Programme (GAP) and helps to draft legislation and train judicial officials as part of its Legal Advisory Programme.


CND, Commision on Narcotic Drugs

The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) is the central policy-making body within the United Nations system dealing with drug-related matters. It analyses the world drug situation and develops proposals to strengthen the international drug control system to combat the world drug problem. In 1991, the UN General Assembly established the Fund of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and expanded the mandate of the Commission to enable it to function as the governing body of UNDCP.


UNICRI, United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute

UNICRI was first established in 1968 as the United Nations Social Defense Research Institute (UNSDRI) by Resolution 1086 B (XXXIX) of the Economic and Social Council that requested the Secretary-General to proceed with arrangements to strengthen the United Nations action in the prevention and control of both juvenile delinquency and adult criminality. The Institute was first located in Rome, but in 2000 UNICRI's headquarters has moved to Turin.

The Institute was intended to carry out international comparative research in support to the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme. In the following years, given the expanding membership of the United Nations by developing countries, the nature of the demands placed on the Institute became more complex and variegated.


WHO, World Health Organization  

The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. WHO is governed by 192 Member States through the World Health Assembly. The Health Assembly is composed of representatives from WHO's Member States. The main tasks of the World Health Assembly are to approve the WHO programme and the budget for the following biennium and to decide major policy questions.